Obesity – Causes and Symptoms

Obesity – Causes and Symptoms

Obesity – Causes and Symptoms : A condition known as obesity involves having too much body fat. Obesity is more than simply a visual issue. It is a medical condition that raises the chance of several illnesses and conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and some malignancies.

causes and symptoms of obesity


Obesity is a modern illness that affects both teens and adults. It attracts unwelcome medical conditions that can seriously injure your health.

Being obese is a bad mentality that enables you to torture your body into really hazardous situations. You are likely overweight if your weight exceeds your computed BMI, often known as body mass index. Your body progressively becomes more and more obese. You become tired and lazy, and your general health progressively starts to suffer.

While many people have a genetic predisposition to being overweight, this does not preclude them from taking steps to lose weight. Sitting in front of the TV all day or consuming junk food can both contribute to weight gain.

Causes of Obesity

Way of life:

Unwanted eating habits. You can become overweight by following an eating plan that is rich in calories, deficient in foods made of sugar, oil, and refined fats, loaded with affordable foods, loaded with harmful beverages, and loaded with larger-than-average amounts of food.

Liquid calories:

One can consume a lot of calories, especially those from alcohol, without feeling full. Other fatty drinks, such as sugary soda pops, can significantly contribute to weight gain.


If you have a sedentary lifestyle, you may be able to ingest more calories on a regular basis than you burn off via exercise and other daily activities. Examining computer, tablet, and phone screens is a passive action. The amount of time spent in front of a screen is strongly correlated with weight gain.

Food, Activity, and Sleep

Insufficient sleep, irregular eating, and a variety of other issues can all contribute to excessive weight gain.

Social Determinants of Health

Social determinants of health (SDOH) are the circumstances in which we live, learn, work, and play. If these factors do not promote health, it may be challenging to choose nutritious foods and obtain adequate exercise. Among racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups as well as in various geographic locations and among people with various physical abilities, differences in SDOH affect the outcomes and risks of chronic diseases, including obesity.

Through the foods and beverages they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they offer, settings like childcare centers, schools, or communities have an impact on eating habits and activity. Affordable healthy food alternatives, peer and social support, marketing and promotion, and regulations that shape neighborhood design are some other community elements that affect obesity.


In human populations, genetic changes happen too slowly to be the cause of the obesity pandemic. However, changes in several genes may make people more likely to overeat as a result of increased hunger. Rarely does a distinct pattern of inherited obesity within a family result from a particular variant of a single gene (monogenic obesity).

Illnesses and Medications

Obesity or weight increase can result from some disorders, such Cushing’s disease. The use of medications like steroids and some antidepressants might result in weight gain. The impact of additional elements, such as chemical exposures and the microbiota, is still being studied. Obesity – Causes and Symptoms.

6 Different Types of Obesity 

In addition to making it incredibly difficult for fat people to perform tasks that a healthy person can accomplish with ease, obesity is a lifestyle condition that can kill you before you realize it. When it comes to obesity, being constantly exhausted and irritated is also a major problem; here are the 6 forms of obesity.

1) Food obesity

This type of obesity results from unhappy hunger combined with poor handling of sugar and processed foods. You only need to alter your diet and cut back on your daily calorie intake to address this issue. Eliminate sugar from your diet and make an effort to include exercise in your daily routine.

2) Obesity because of stress

This type of obesity is caused by stress, hopelessness, and other problems. This type of fat mostly affects persons who consume excessive amounts of sweets. Controlling stress and worry is the greatest method for combating this type of obesity. To reduce your tension and anxiety, it is best that you look for vigorous job. With this approach, you may get fantastic physical results.

3) Gluten obesity

Men with hormone imbalances and men going through menopause are typically the ones that gain this kind of weight. The greatest method to combat this type of obesity is to avoid being idle, sitting for extended periods of time, smoking, and drinking.

4) Metabolic obesity

This category includes those who are just gaining weight or acquiring fat solely in their midsection. Given that it can affect many organs and lead to respiratory problems, this type of dangerous obesity is dangerous in several ways. People who are overweight should abstain from alcohol.

5) Venous obesity

This type of obesity typically occurs during pregnancy and in people with big legs. It is typically inherited acquired heftiness. Walking, climbing stairs, and drinking lots of water are all part of the therapy.

6) Obesity because of lack of movement

Obesity often affects bodily parts that have previously seen a lot of action. The easiest way to burn off these fat reserves is to prevent your body from going long periods without food since, no matter how much your body’s digestion increases, your fat will burn off more quickly.

Symptoms of Obesity

According to the American Medical Association, obesity is a disease in and of itself that requires both diagnosis and treatment.3 That’s because obese people frequently have symptoms and consequences.

Common Adult Obesity Symptoms

Common symptoms of obesity in adults include:

  • Excess body fat, particularly around the waist
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating more than usual
  • Snoring
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Skin problems from moisture accumulating in the folds
  • Inability to perform simple physical tasks you could easily perform before weight gain
  • Fatigue, which can range from mild to extreme
  • Pain, especially in the back and joints
  • Psychological issues such as negative self-esteem, depression, shame, and social isolation

Common Childhood Obesity Symptoms

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), childhood obesity rates have quadrupled in the United States over the past 50 years.6 In 2020, obesity was estimated to affect approximately 20% of American children and adolescents (ages 2 to 19).

Common childhood obesity symptoms may include:

  • Deposits of fatty tissue (which may be visible around the breast region)
  • Having stretch marks on the back and hips
  • (Dark, velvety skin around the neck and other places) Acanthosis nigricans
  • Having trouble breathing when exercising
  • Slumber apnea
  • Constipation
  • Disease of the stomach and esophagus (GERD)
  • a low sense of self
  • biological girls’ early puberty and biological guys’ delayed puberty
  • issues with the joints, such flat feet or dislocated hips

Causes and Symptoms of Early Obesity

Rare genetic disorders in children can lead to early-onset obesity. Genes that control hunger and energy use are involved in these illnesses.

These ailments and their results comprise:

  • Early-onset obesity, hormonal issues, and intense hunger (hyperphagia) starting in infancy are the main signs of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) deficient obesity.
  • Hyperphagia, severe early-onset obesity, and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (when the testicles or ovaries release little or no sex hormones) are the main symptoms of leptin receptor (LEPR) deficient obesity.
  • Early-onset obesity, hyperphagia, eyesight loss, having an extra finger or toe (polydactyly), and renal issues are the main symptoms of Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS).

Morbid Obesity Symptoms

Today, morbid obesity is a growing global health concern, particularly in the United States and other developed nations.

If: You are deemed to be morbidly obese

  • You weigh 100 pounds more than you should.
  • You have a BMI of 40 or above.
  • You have type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure and a BMI of 35 or above.

Extreme obesity or class III obesity are other names for morbid obesity. It might be challenging to breathe and challenging to carry out simple tasks like walking. Your risk of developing many serious medical conditions also increases.


Numerous serious medical conditions can be exacerbated by obesity. Obesity increases the risk of developing severe health issues like:

  • Heart disease brought on by the heart having to work harder to pump blood throughout the body or high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High cholesterol levels can cause fatty deposits in the arteries to clog, which can cause a heart attack, a stroke, and other issues.9 Type 2 diabetes, which in roughly 50% of cases is caused by obesity10 A few cancers, 40% of which have an association with fat11 Asthma, along with worsening asthma symptoms and management, which causes higher hospitalisations and drug use12 Obese asthma, a rare form of the disease that only affects certain obese persons.13
  • renal illness brought on by prolonged high blood pressure’s effects on the kidneys
  • excessive strain on the joints, bones, and muscles causes osteoarthritis.

Treating obesity

treating obesity

Exercise frequently and follow a healthy, low-calorie diet as the best treatments for obesity. For this, you ought to:

  • eat a balanced, calorie-controlled diet as recommended by your GP or weight loss management health professional (such as a dietitian)
  • join a local weight loss group
  • take up activities such as fast walking, jogging, swimming or tennis for 150 to 300 minutes (two-and-a-half to five hours) a week
  • eat slowly and avoid situations where you know you could be tempted to overeat

A skilled healthcare practitioner can provide you with psychological counselling to help you modify the way you see food and eating.

Orlistat may be suggested as a weight loss option if lifestyle modifications alone are ineffective. When properly ingested, this drug reduces the quantity of fat your body absorbs during digestion. If orlistat is right for you, your doctor will be able to tell you.

Weight-loss surgery may be suggested in certain circumstances.

How Does Obesity Affect the Body?

Over 40% of Americans suffered from obesity between 2017 and 2018 Trusted Source. People who are obese are more likely to have a variety of major medical conditions.

Nearly every organ and system in the body is impacted by these health issues, including the:

  • brain
  • blood vessels
  • heart
  • liver
  • gallbladder
  • bones
  • joints

Other effects on the body

Numerous cancer forms have been associated with an increased risk of obesity, including:

  • endometrial
  • liver
  • kidney
  • cervical
  • colon
  • esophageal
  • pancreatic

Other obesity-related problems

Numerous additional issues, such as challenges with daily tasks and serious health conditions, can result from obesity.

Daily issues brought on by obesity include:

  • increased sweating
  • snoring
  • difficulty doing physical activity
  • often feeling very tired
  • joint and back pain
  • low confidence and self-esteem
  • feeling isolated

The psychological issues brought on by obesity may cause sadness and have an impact on your relationships with friends and family.

Serious health conditions

Your risk of developing a wide range of potentially serious health conditions, such as:

  • High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and atherosclerosis (where fatty deposits constrict your arteries) are all symptoms of type 2 diabetes, a condition that can cause coronary heart disease and stroke.
  • asthma
  • metabolic syndrome is a condition marked by diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.
  • a number of cancers, such as womb cancer, breast cancer, and bowel cancer
  • Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a condition in which stomach acid flows into the gullet.
  • Gallstones are tiny stones that develop in the gallbladder and are often formed of cholesterol.
  • lower fertility
  • Osteoarthritis, a disease characterized by joint pain and stiffness, sleep The disorder known as aponia, which disrupts breathing while you sleep, increases your chance of developing diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease as well as making you drowsy throughout the day.
  • both renal and liver dysfunction
  • pregnancy issues including pre-eclampsia (when a woman suffers a potentially severe increase in blood pressure during pregnancy) and gestational diabetes

Depending on how severe it is, obesity affects life expectancy by an average of 3 to 10 years. According to estimates, obesity and being overweight cause at least 1 in 13 fatalities in Europe.


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